Bowe, 30, spent his entire eight-year career with the Chiefs before being released in a salary cap move last week. He recorded 532 receptions for 7,155 yards and 44 touchdowns during his run with the Chiefs.
In a statement on the team's website, Bowe said he's ready to take Cleveland to the "next level."
"The Browns were the perfect situation from the fan base to the style of offense and the way I'll be utilized to help the team go to the next level," Bowe said. "After eight years, you're a pro's pro. I've had every style of coaching, every personality. I've been through a lot and it's going to make this transition a little easier because of what I've been through. The fan base is crazy just like Kansas City and is something I'm excited to be a part of. The positive energy I'm going to bring to the locker room is definitely going to take the Dawg Pound to the next level."
Bowe, formerly of the Chiefs, was held without a receiving touchdown last season for the first time in his career. His numbers include 532 receptions for 7,155 yards and 44 touchdowns. He was recently released by the Chiefs in a salary cap move.
The 30-year-old wideout is an unrestricted free agent.
Bowe had spent his entire career with the Chiefs. He was released by the team on Thursday. The last three years have been tough on Bowe, as he has not topped more than 60 receptions or had more than 801 yards receiving in that time. He was held without a receiving touchdown for the first time in his career in 2014.
The 30-year-old wideout has recorded 532 receptions for 7,155 yards and 44 touchdowns in eight seasons.
It was inevitable the Chiefs would release Bowe, especially after they brought receiver Jeremy Maclin on board. Bowe did not catch a touchdown during the 2014 season.
Bowe was drafted by the Chiefs out of LSU in the first round in 2007. In eight seasons, Bowe totaled 7,155 yards and 44 touchdowns. He recorded 1,000-yard seasons three times in Kansas City — in 2008, 2010 and 2011.
“This was a tough decision to make,” Chiefs general manager John Dorsey said. “Dwayne is a team-first guy and he holds a number of team receiving records. We felt this was in the best interest of the club at this time.”
"I want to thank the entire Chiefs organization from the bottom of my heart," he wrote. "You believed in me and gave me my chance to play in the NFL. I will be forever grateful. There are so many people with the Chiefs and many that are no longer there that have had an impact on my life. I want to specifically thank the Hunt family for running a 1st class organization and I want to thank the best fans in the NFL. Special thanks to John Dorsey and Coach Reid also for believing in me. KC Chiefs will forever be in my heart. GodFirst..."
Jamaal Charles and Alex Smith shined in their first year with new coach Andy Reid. Dwayne Bowe? He went the other way. Bowe had one of the worst years of his career in 2013 with 57 catches for 673 yards and five touchdowns. He reached double digits in Fantasy points just five times, and he looked nothing like a No. 1 receiver. Now, Bowe could easily rebound this year. He hired a nutritionist and a personal trainer for the first time in his career, and he'll have another year in Reid's system working with Smith. But Bowe has to prove himself first, and he enters this season as a low-end No. 3 Fantasy receiver at best. We would only draft Bowe with a pick in Round 9 or later, but he could easily outperform his draft position with a rebound year. There's minimal risk with Bowe this season and a potentially high ceiling, so draft Bowe as a reserve and just hope for the best. Maybe you'll end up with a big reward.